You Think You Know Your Wood?
In the 19th century an Englishman named Henry Wickham transported some seeds to England for germination. The seeds germinated and these small seedlings were then transported to the Malay Peninsula for planting; there to start the Great Rubber Plantations of Malaysia. The tree is cut for processing in the manufacture of fine furniture and a new tree is planted in its place. The heavyweight of all woods, mahogany is one of the most valuable timber trees. Popular in the ’50’s, mahogany is making a comeback due to the new attraction to the “red” woods.
Brazilian Rosewood varies in color from a dark chocolate brown to a light purple or red-brown color. This wood has dark streaks of contrasting color running throughout the wood grain. These streaks are often black, and create a unique grain pattern that is called a spider web. The grain is straight, but sometimes can appear in a spiral, wavy, or interlocked grain.
Maple stains easily, so it’s possible to use a dark stain on maple to make it resemble mahogany or cherry. You may have heard the term lumber in reference to wood used for building. Lumber simply describes wood to be used for construction work. A lumber yard is where lumber and wood products for construction are sold. Ponderosa Pine is one of America’s most abundant tree species.
Today ash is making a splash in home furnishings, particularly in the mid-century modern style. Black walnut wood is dark, hard, dense and tight-grained. It’s prized by woodworkers for its strength, grain and color. It polishes to a very smooth finish, and the color ranges from creamy white in the sapwood to a dark chocolate in the heartwood. Cherry grows in the Eastern and Midwestern United States and comes in a range of colors including white, light red, deep red and reddish brown. Cherry has a fine, uniform straight grain and a smooth texture.
Westward trekking pioneers allegedly made hickory a prerequisite for their wagon wheels. Walnut is a straight-grained hardwood that ranges from chocolate brown (when it’s from the http://galliard.ca/narex-spoon-carving-starter-kit/ center of the tree) to yellow . A top pick for head-boards, ornate antique-style dining tables, and mantels, walnut is typically clear-coated or oiled to bring out its color.
It is found in a variety of colors and tones from cream to dark brown and its grain is equally diverse, ranging from straight to wavy. Characteristically, the elm comes up with incorporates knots and burrs. Other properties that should be considered when looking to use wood for construction are water resistance, rot resistance, and insect resistance. Wood that can resist decay and degradation agents over time tends to cost more but is worth the investment in the long run. Once cut and properly seasoned, wood can be used in different parts of a building, from the flooring to the roofing and even walls.
Clever Wood Projects
Douglas fir wood is typically light brown with a trace of yellow, or red with dark growth rings. When it is quarter-sawn, the woodgrain is plain and straight. When flatsawn, the woodgrain begins to exhibit wild patterns. Its texture is mostly straight, but can be wavy, and is medium to coarse. Douglas fir wood has a moderate luster.The resin canals in a piece of Douglas fir wood are small to medium in size.
Balsa is mainly used for heat, sound, and vibration insulation and for model making. Wood as building materials offers many environmental benefits that matter to communities across the country. Wood is one of the few building materials that are renewable and sustainable. Wood is also affordable since it’s readily available and doesn’t require much in terms of pre-construction preparation. Wood design is also not as complex as integrating steel and concrete structures in high-rise buildings, which means labor costs reduce with wood construction. Besides thermal insulation, wood is also great at absorbing echo and sound.
Each species can be crafted into durable, long-lasting furniture, cabinetry, flooring, millwork and more. Each offers unique markings with variation in grain pattern, texture and color. Red oak comes in a light to middle brown color, with a cast of red. The grain pattern is straight, with an uneven and coarse texture.
Economic MDF is ideal for various DIY or school projects. However, it is important to remember that the edges of these fiberboards are fragile and may split when drilling screws into the board. The Baltic Birch is commonly used for the manufacturing of plywood for different types of projects.